Next breakthrough is not about new technology. It’s about normal people experiencing autonomous vehicles first hand through brands like Waymo, Uber, BMW and Tesla and starting to see this is not sci-fi, it’s real.

Congestion will be reduced thanks to Speed Harmonisation, helping to alert drivers of upcoming traffic. “Connected vehicles” will also be able to speak to each other, which will prevent collisions.

Driverless cars were once seen as some futuristic vision and for a while it seemed as though the world was taking them only semi-seriously. The key breakthrough is already happening and it’s got nothing to do with technology: it’s about attitudes.

Self-driving cars will take us to another level in our increasing trust in computer systems running our lives. If we allow self-driving cars onto our public roads we need to be confident that this is safer than having humans at the wheel.

Watch out for a combination of ethics (via which the car’s decisions are programmed) and etiquette — the soft side of how a car needs to be programmed to behave when it approaches a location/parking space/group of pedestrians etc.

AI will become an adopted method to train algorithms to handle driving tasks. The benefits of AI-based algorithms are the ability to adapt and be trained to meet the infinite scenarios in which autonomous vehicles will be exposed to.